As new programming languages like Julia and others become popular, some of the old guard have seen a decline in usage. In 2022, less developers said they had used HTML/CSS, Java, PHP, and Ruby than the year before. Languages such as SQL, Swift, and Objective-C have stagnated, with similar usage to the previous year.
According to the developers surveyed, Kotlin, C#, and Python are the three favorite programming languages to use, relative to the number of users. On the other end of the spectrum, Perl, Visual Basic, Delphi and C are the least favorite languages to use, with 96 percent of Perl users sharing a dislike of the language.
Developers are most interested in the programming language Go, with 12 percent of respondents planning to adopt or migrate to the language in the next 12 months.
In terms of language usage by platform, Go was the most popular for cloud at 27 percent, followed by Python and C#. For server and infrastructure tasks, Go was again the most popular language, followed by Python and C++.
When discussing the future, developers believe AI/ML is the most promising technology, with blockchain and AR/VR also considered as potentially innovative. Rust was the most promising programming language, followed by Go and Kotlin.